Africa’s very own gentle giant, the elephant is one of the Big 5 that you are certain to see while on a Kruger Park safari. Before you set off for the Kruger, learn more about the elephant here.
Facts about the Elephant
- Adult elephant can weigh up to 7 tons and stand 3.3 meters at shoulder height, making the elephant the world’s largest mammal.
- The average weight of an adult bull elephant’s tusks can be 55 kg on average, but tusks weighing 90 kgs have been found. Elephants grow old, up to 70 years.
- What we would perceive to be an elephants “knees” are actually referred to as wrists. An elephant’s foot consists of a solid bone, unlike humans who have many bones in their feet. The elephant’s trunk, is actually his nose. The trunk is very sensitive and elephant can sniff out underground water with its trunk. An elephant’s trunk is four times better than that of a bloodhound and 160 times better than a humans. It consists of an unbelievable 50 000 muscles, with finger-like appendages at its tip enabling an elephant to pull up grasses, small twigs or even remove a thorn from its foot.